Fruit trees are charming in any garden and are pleasurable to observe. It certainly is a surprise how the once lifeless winter twigs are converted in the spring into clouds of blossom ready to turn into fruit later on.
Don’t worry, there isn’t anything secret and mystifying about cultivating fruit trees. Fruit trees have a few simple conditions to keep them in tip top condition that can easily be provided by just about anyone.
The Interval From The Autumn Months To The Spring Months
Safeguard the trees, especially the young ones by setting up a net around their base. A net or mesh prevents the bark being nibbled by rodents during the winter when these creatures will seek out alternative food sources.
In winter, sunshine reflecting off the snow’s layer and warming up the trunk of your fruit tree (especially saplings) can damage or kill the tree. Paint the foot of the trunk by using a 50/50 mix of white latex paint and water as a safeguard. At night time, the cold air will surround the trunk and it will often crack it. This may be a dangerous situation, because those cracks are perfect places for pests that can eat your tree alive.
In the early spring, on a calm day with hardly any wind and the temperature 4 degrees C minimum, it’s a good time for you to clean up your tree. Garden shears can be used to give the tree a nice shape but make sure to keep the crown of the tree free from growth and to give horizontal branches 10-15 cms space all round.
Neatly cut away any branches that are diseased or old and trim any shoots straight after they have appeared. The branches that grow out horizontally must be left uncut as you will be looking for these to bear fruit. Employ special equipment to check the heights of the trees and then cut the vertical branches to have the same length as the horizontal ones. This tends to secure the maximum return of fruit.
You should constantly soak your trees. A well watered tree could grow well and be capable to withstand the attacks of insects and diseases which is particularly important once the buds start to be visible on your tree. The true secret to getting a heavy crop of fruit on your tree is to keep on watering.
Make use of supports to steer the branches to make sure they grow straight. The branches that expand horizontally need to receive optimum light, as they will produce more fruits this way. In order to increase the productivity of the trees, you can spread them manually using the special devices or by linking them one to another using ropes. Having said that, you should always let the tree to grow naturally until the age of four.
To grow into fruit, the bloom must be pollinated by insects especially bees. You can make your trees produce more fruit by putting on a special substance that will attract them, but do this only after the sun has gone down or in the early morning.