After you decide that you want a garden, your very first choice is to select the right spot. In case you haven’t got much room, then you are restricted in your choices, even to only having a box garden. Preferably, you want your garden to receive sunlight from the south so be sure to look for a spot that meets that requirement. Avoid installing your garden where it’s going to receive exposure from the north unless it is your only option because this will severely hamper a success of your garden.
If your garden is positioned where it receives sun all day with southern exposure, the vegetables need to be planted in north and south facing rows. Applying this configuration allows the morning sun to increase the heat of the plants on the east side and the afternoon sun to warm them on the west side. Utilizing this type of installation will prevent your plants from slanting more to one side. Also consider, if your garden is placed facing the southeast, you should place the rows in a northwest and southwest direction so they will receive optimal sunlight.
What you’re looking for is for the natural light to be spread evenly for the longest time possible. Observing a window plant having lopsided growth is an illustration of what happens to a plant when the light is not evenly distributed. Once you know the place you will place your garden, sketch out a drawing of the spot where you want each plant to go. In the beginning, the garden soil in your garden plot will most likely be hidden underneath sod or other debris. You need to break the ground and turn the sod under if you will have a large garden, whereas all that you should do is remove the sod if the garden will be fairly small.
The sod can be taken and put into a pile to rot as a compost pile, to be used as fertilizer. You can add vegetable waste to your compost heap during the summer and autumn leaves during the fall. This particular compost can all be used as fertilizer for the following year. Your garden spot must be plowed under well enough so there aren’t any large clumps. So that you can plant the seeds, the soil needs to be fine particles so the seeds can grow. You will get your garden all set to go with a spade, a hoe, and a rake.
While the spade can do a good job of turning the ground, you won’t find it easy to eliminate all of the clumps. A hoe will be helpful in doing away with the remaining clumps and will better mix the soil. By using the spade you’re required to work hard, but when you are going to do work with the hoe and the rake you need to take a gentler approach. As soon as the hoe tasks are finished, next you use the rake to make the bed fine and smooth. Upon having all this done, you are set to start planting the seeds.